The Great War Rivals
The Great War, which was fought between 1914 and 1918, was one of the largest wars in history. It pitted two sides against each other: the Allies, led by Britain and France, and, the, Central, Powers, led by Germany and Austria-Hungary. Though the war lasted four years and involved millions of soldiers from around the world it is perhaps best remembered for its two main protagonists – Britain’s Field Marshal Douglas Haig and Germany’s Erich Ludendorff. The rivalry between these two men defined much of how the war played out – both in terms of military tactics employed on both sides as well as on a psychological level. This article will explore this rivalry in detail through examining their respective biographies as well as their approach to warfare during World War I.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig
Field Marshal Douglas Haig was born into a wealthy Scottish family in 1861. His early education consisted of studying at Oxford before he decided to join the British Army at age 19. He began his military career with a tour of India before serving with distinction during The Second Boer War (1899-1902). After returning to England he quickly rose through the ranks due to his ability to take initiative and come up with innovative solutions to difficult problems presented by modern warfare technology such as heavy artillery barrages which had become increasingly effective during WWI trench warfare combat scenarios. As Commander-in-Chief he lead allied forces during major engagements including Somme (1916) Ypres (1917) Passchendaele (1917) Lys Offensive (1918) Amiens Offensive (1918).
He believed that massive frontal assaults were needed in order for victory against German forces despite mounting losses among British troops leading some people at home branding him ‘the Butcher’ due his willingness risk large amounts soldiers lives for minor gains. He also famously ordered frequent artillery bombardments before infantry assaults though these strategies were often ineffective or counter productive given German defensive strategies employed during trench warfare scenarios where barbed wire entanglements prevented any forward movement along most fronts despite high casualty rates inflicted upon them by allied forces who could not make any progress along those lines either way because they became stuck while advancing across no man’s land due too heavy enemy fire upon those positions.. Despite these misgivings about tactical decisions made under his command many credit him for ultimately winning World War I when Allied forces managed break through German lines decisively during Battle Cambrai near end November 1917 after using combined arms tactics that involved tanks along artillery support whilst also having ground troops attacking alongside those vehicles all same time instead separate attacks happening over days weeks.. Despite criticisms levied against him posthumously today many have credited Field Marshal Haig bringing Allied victory against Central Powers 1918 allowing peace treaty be signed year later ending war era marked devastation human loss unimaginable proportions..
Erich Ludendorff was born 1864 into Prussian aristocracy northern Germany brought up strict Calvinist faith shaped outlook life rest career planning be lawyer until joined army age 26 following nation’s unification under Bismarck shortly thereafter gained fame top strategist First World throughout 1910s remained steadfast supporter Kaiser Wilhelm II calling devote full resources winning conflict no matter cost although found himself frequently disagreeing even dismissed briefly 1916 return position help drive off allied offensive Western Front very same year nonetheless did succeed pushing enemies back further June 1918 . As result highly respected among peers praised accomplishments particularly Eastern Front considered genius managing logistics unprecedented scale providing materials supplies regular basis wherever needed vast distances behind enemy lines thus keeping crucial divisions operation prevent retreat line collapse morale wear down troops long term even so still criticized decisions made relating number casualties incurred operations argued necessity holding front alone face disproportionate odds friendly alliance . When armistice agreed ended November witnessed dramatic collapse confidence Austria Hungary might sue peace own failing completely when cease fire announced followed dissolution their union lost job postsolved foundation Republic later known Weimar Republic seemingly ending era dynastic rule .. He eventually died 1947 aged 82 unlike contemporary rival left much legacies good bad have been debated present day constantly new evidence provided historians deeper understanding past allow students better appreciate effect decisions made power can have entire course events shape future generations come forth time stands test whether right wrong ..
Haig vs Ludendorff Tactics
When it comes to analyzing their approach to warfare during WWI there are stark differences between Field Marshal Douglas Haig’s tactics versus those used by Erich Ludendorff leading up armistice late 1918 .